Gazprom International is the operator for Gazprom’s projects in the territories of Kyrgyzstan. In February 2008, Zarubezhneftegaz (now Gazprom International) obtained licences for the right to exploit the subsoil of 2 prospective oil-and-gas-bearing fields at Kugart (Jalal-abad) and East Maylisu (Sharkaratma).
Kyrgyzstan is situated in the heart of the Tyan-Shansky mountains. Even the great conquerors Alexander the Great and Genghis Khan only skirted the edge of this locality. Mountains occupy almost three-quarters of the Republic, with sprawling valleys – the lowest at a height of over 500 metres above sea level. There are almost 8000 glaciers among these mountains of Kyrgyzstan. Glacier is the Kyrgyz word for “Arctic”. As well as this, there is the “tundra” of Kyrgyzstan — deciduous and coniferous forests, the spaciousness of the green steppes and even burning desert. The country endures the diversity of Eurasia’s climatic zones. Stunning gorges with bright green grass and fir trees combine with the crystal clear mountain air and the roar of turbulent rivers and waterfalls.
The Republic of Kyrgyzstan borders with Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and the People’s Republic of China to the southeast. The territory of Kyrgyzstan covers an area of 199,900 sq. km., and the population stands at more than 5 million people. Gas fields discovered between 1960 and 1986 are currently being operated and are in the final stages of development. Maximum gas production was in 1973 at 394 million cubic metres. In 2000, gas production achieved amounted to 32 million cubic metres.
In May 2003, an agreement was signed between Gazprom and the government of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan concerning collaboration in the gas industry over a period of 25 years. It specifically provides for the development of hydrocarbon deposits in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan; the reconstruction, construction and operation of gas pipelines and other infrastructure in the gas sector of the country; and the transportation and supply of gas through the implementation of joint projects. Gazprom International (formerly Zarubezhneftegaz) appointed Gazprom as the operator for future joint projects in Kyrgyzstan.
In May and June 2006, specialists from Gazprom and Zarubezhneftegaz familiarised themselves with the geological and geophysical materials on the prospective objects which were provided by Kyrgyzstan, from which four had been selected beforehand.
Since 2007, Gazprom International (then called Gazprom Zarubezhneftegaz) has implemented Gazprom's investment projects involving prospecting, exploration and development of hydrocarbon fields, and the construction and servicing of oil and gas infrastructure facilities in the Kyrgyz Republic.
On 14 May 2007, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and Gazprom signed an Agreement on General Principles of Geological Exploration of the Subsoil in Prospective Oil and Gas Areas of the Kyrgyz Republic. In the same year, a technical and economic assessment of geological exploration of the subsoil and a phased programme of geological exploration were developed. The Kugart area and the East Maylisu IV block in the country's south-west were determined as priority sites for geological exploration.
In 2008, Gazprom obtained licenses for the right to use the subsoil resources with the aim of geological exploration for oil and gas within the license areas of Kugart and East Maylisu IV for seven years.
Gazprom International was appointed as the company authorised to implement the geological exploration programme.
In the end of 2015, gravity measurements and seismic survey works were commenced in both zones.
The Kugart area lies 10 km north-east of the town of Jalal-Abad and covers an area of 522.82.
Potentially productive horizons lie at depths of up to 3,000 m. A range of geophysical studies along with the construction of prospecting and appraisal wells are planned for this area. This geological exploration could result in an increase in commercial hydrocarbon reserves of around 2.1 billion m3 of gas.
East Maylisu IV Block
The East Maylisu IV block lies 15 km east of the town of Mailuu-Suu and covers an area of 43.77 km2. Here, potentially productive horizons lie at depths of up to 3,000 m.
A range of geophysical studies along with the construction of prospecting and appraisal wells are planned for this block. This geological exploration could result in the discovery of a field with recoverable oil reserves of approximately 0.5 million t.